Jesus in the Old Testament

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Directory
of Old
Testament
References

Book

Example

Verse

Genesis

Seed crushes serpent

3:15

Innocent blood covers sin

3:21

King/Priest Melchizadek

14:18-20

Covenant requires blood sacrifice

8:20; 15:10

A substitute sacrifice

22:13

Christ's kingdom to come

49:10

Exodus

Moses as deliverer

chapter3

Aaron as the high priest

28:1

Making intercession

30:1

Passover/Lamb of God

12:1-22

Bread of life

16:35; 25:30

Light of the world

25:31-40

Leviticus

The sacrifice

chapter 1-7

The high priest

chapter 8-10

Numbers

Nazirite vow

6:1-8

Passover celebration

9:1-14

Unblemished sacrifice

19:1-10

The rock

20:7-10

Israel's king

24:17

The six cities of refuge

35:6-15

Deuteronomy

Moses prophecies about Christ

18:15

Joshua

Scarlet cord

2:18, 21

Ark of the Lord

3:6

The "Commnder of the army of the Lord"

5:13-15

Fulfilled promise

23:14

Judges

Judge

(Ps 75:7)

Savior

(Is 45:21)

Ruth

Boaz as the redeemer

chapter 4

1 Samuel

Samuel as the prophet

3:20

Samuel as priest (combining offices of prophet & priest)

David, God's king

16:1

David as shepherd

16:11

2 Samuel

His eternal kingdom

7:13

Son of God

7:14

1 Kings

Greater prophet than Elijah

(Matt 17:1-5)

Greater king than Solomon

(Matt 12:42)

2 Kings

Superior priest

(Heb 7:22-28)

Greater king

(Matt 12:42)

Final king

(Rev 19:16)

1 Chronicles

Sacrificio descansos plaga de muerte

captiulo 21

2 Chronicles

Temple

3:1

Ezra

Ezra does the will of God

7:10

Ezra as the priest

7:11

Ezra's spiritual reform

chapter 10

Nehemiah

Nehemiah's courage

2:18

Nehemiah as a prayer warrior

2:1-10;6:9-14

Nehemiah's dedication

8:9, 10

Esther

Ester's submission & dependence

2:20; 5:4

Esther's intercession

4:16

Esther's sacrifice

4:16

Job

There are no direct references to Christ in this book, but Job demonstrates a type of Christ in his suffering, persecution and restoration

Psalms

God's son will rule the nations

2:7-8

Messiah comes from David's lineage

110:1

Christ's zeal

69:9

Christ's suffering

69:9

Christ's parables

78:2

Christ's rejection

118:22

Christ's priesthood

110:4

Christ's betrayal

41:9

Christ's crucifixion

22:1-18

Christ's resurrection

16:9-11

Christ's kingdom

8:6

Proverbs

There are no direct references to Christ in this book. However, the qualities of a life wisely lived - obedience to God, right behavior patience and wisdom illustrate Christ.

Ecclesiastes

Christ's view of materialism

2:1-11, 18-26; 4:4-6; 5:8-14

Christ's view of obedience

11:7-12:14

Song of Songs

Christ is the Husband of His bride, the church

(Rev 21:2)

Isaiah

Emmanuel

7:14

Davidic ruler

9:6, 7

Branch of Jesse

11:1-5

Precious cornerstone

28:16

Shepherd

40:11

Lamb of God

53:7

Servant of God

42:1-4; 49:1-7; 50:4-9; 52:13-53:12

Redeemer

59:20

Jeremiah

Wept for the people

13:17

Suffered injustice

37, 38

Jesus refers to several passages

(Matt 21:13); 5:21 (Mark 8:18); 6:16 (Matt 11:29); 50:6 (Matt 10:6)

Lamentations

Our hope

3:21, 24, 29

Christ reveals the mercy of God

3:22, 23, 32

Our redeemer and judge

3:58, 59

Ezekial

Ezekial as the son of man

2:3

The Messiah prophesied

17:1-0 (Is 11:1; Rom 15:12)

Priestly character of the Messiah

45:22

Christ as the divine shepherd

34:11-16 (John 10:11-16)

Daniel

Fourth man in the oven

3:25

Son of man returns

7:13

Vision of Christ

10:5, 6

Hosea

Christ includes all in His family

1:6, 9 (1 Pet 2:10)

Christ as the husband / church as the bride

2:19, 20 (Eph 5:25-32)

Christ taken out of Egypt

11:1 (Matt 2:15)

Christ breaks the power of death

13:14 (1 Cor 15:55)

Praise to Him brings forgiveness

14:2 (Heb 13:15)

Hosea buys back his bride

3:1-3

Joel

Christ our savior

2:32

Amos

No references to Amos. However, this book is quoted in the New Testament

Obadiah

Final day of the Lord

verse 15 (Isaiah 11:6-9)

Jesus as savior

verse 21

One Lord of the kingdom

verse 21

Jonah

God's love for the whole world

4:10,11 (John 3:16)

Micah

Christ foretold

1:3-5

Christ the Word of God

2:2

Christ as King and Lord

2:12, 13 (Luke 4:18)

Christ born in Bethlehem

5:2

Christ as shepherd

5:4

Christ's dominion

5:4

Prince of Peace

5:5

Nahum

Christ our peace

1:15

Lioness replaced by Lion of Judah

2:11, 12 (Rev 5:5)

Habakkuk

Came in the fullness of time

2:3 (Gal 4:4)

Foundation of Christ's message

2:4 (Rom 1:16, 17)

Salvation through God's Anointed

3:13

Zephaniah

The just hidden with Christ

2:3 ( Col 3:2, 3)

Rejoicing over the saved

3:16, 17 (Luke 15:7)

Haggai

Christ, the desire of all nations

2:7

Christ indwells human temples

2:7 (1 Cor 6:19, 20)

Christ, the Prince of Peace

2:9

Zerubbabela sing of the servant

2:23 (Matt 1:12)

Zechariah

The Lord's servant, the branch

3:8

Both king and priest

6:11-13

The man - the branch

6:12

The meek king

9:9 (Matt 21:5)

The true shepherd

11:4-11

Sold for 30 pieces of silver

11:12, 13 (Matt 26:15

The pierced Savior

12:10 (John 19:37)

The suffering Savior

13:7 (Matt 26:31)

Christ's second coming

14:4

Malachi

Messenger of the new covenant

3:1

Christ's judgement

3:2

Son of Righteousness in victory

4:2, 3

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